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Aachaara
           Conduct

Aacharan
Behavior; Enactment of undertaken vows

Aacharya
           Foremost religious guide or worthy preceptor , adept and accomplished in the deciplines and doctrines, expounded by the Arihants [the Living Absolutes]; Often a suffix for reverence.
 Leading sadhu who gives vows to new sadhus, teaches and helps them on the true path
 Head of a mendicant group; spiritual leader; monk-scholar
 
Aadesh
Directive; Command; Consent
Aadhar
Support
Aadhi
Mental suffering or problems; Psychological pain
Aadi
The beginning; Origin
Aagam
(Agama, Aagama, Agamas);   Scriptures of Jain religion.
Canonical literature
The knowledge or experience of the Self in the form of words of the Gnani

Aagaman
        To come to
Aagnaa
           Instructions usually given by God or his Saint; Command
Commandments; Directives;  Instructions;  Order;  Dictate

Aagraha
           The tendency to do what has been internally decided; Force; Strict belief
Fanatic belief; Insistence

Aahara
           Nourishment

Aakarsha
        Desire

Aakashdravya
           Air; The dravya which gives space to all

Aakrosh
           Anger; Verbal abuse
To become angry

Aalochana
           Recall; Confession; Sensing.(Aalocana……in Sanskrit)
Heart-felt avowal or confession of one’s guilt or misdeed before the Guru or God; Critical appraisal of one’s real self;
Critical self-examinatin

Aanand
           Bliss; Permanent happiness. See  sookh

Aanusangik
           Progress towards the Self

Aapt
           Trustworthy; One who assimilates the essence and propagates the true meaning;
Authentic
One who brings forth the essential meaning of the true nature of things, once having known all the elements.

Aara
           Rotation of the Cosmic Time cycle. Infinite time has aeons or cycles, each with two eras:
(a) The Avasarpini- gradually regressive serpentine time round. (b) The Utsarpini- gradually progressive serpentine time round. They  follow each other in succession. Each era is further divided  into six periods or ‘Cosmic Rotations’ [Aaras]. Of these , we live in the Fifth Cosmic Rotation, namely ‘Dusham’ of the Avsarpini. Of this 2400 years are over. In Mahavideh Kshetra, there is eternally the Fourth Cosmic Rotation , namely Dusham-Sushama. There is a permanent presence of the Tirthankars.

Aaradhana
           Devout worship and devotion; Spiritual practice.

Aarambha
           Inception or first flash of idea; Commencement;  Beginning of any action; The work of violence
[ Note : This is all through the "signature' of the doer ego ]

Aart
           Repressive or self-tormenting; Suffering (adjective)

Aartdhyana
          Experiencing worries or suffering without letting anyone know or showing externally
The interest and focus or desire for something external to Self; Worries associated with the sense of loss of that which is alien to the Self

Aarti
           Heart-pouring in prayerful plea;Waving of lamps in Aarti symbolically suggests plea for ‘Pure Light’ within, dipelling the darkness of ignorance.
Lamp waving ceremony

Aartta
           Suffering

Aarya
            The best ( referring to the Lord Jineshwar, the one desirous of Moksh, and as well as to all who reside in the Arya land)

Aarya aachar
       Good actions or behaviors : Piety, Truth,Forgiveness etc
.
Aarya desh
           The best land where one can mediate on the Atma, progress in Self-knowledge

Aarya vichaar
           Thoughts and realization about the permanence of the soul and obstructing karmas

Aasakta
        One with attachment

Aasakti
           Strong Attachment; Covetuos cleavage;  Weakness

Aascharya
           Extraordinary event

Aashram
          Resting place

Aasrava, Astrava
           Influx; Inflow
Obstruction from karmas that limit progress in knowledge
 

Aastikya
           One who is absorbed in the teachings of the truly detached liberated great souls

Aatma
           The Self , or Soul ; also denotes  the Supreme Soul or Paramatma

Aatmanubhava
          Self realization; Self enlightenment
Experiencing and realizing the Atma; Experience of the Soul

Aatmanubhuti

Aatmarthi
           One who is concerned only about the gain for the Atma

Aatmavaad
       Addressing the Aatma or Soul

Aatmaveerya
           Energy of the Soul

Aatmic
           Pertaining to Soul

Aatyantik
           Excessive

Aavaran
           Veil;Cover curtain; Obscuration

Aavaraniya
           Obscuring

Aayu
           The Quantum of Life or Vitality, not years; Karma fixing it is ‘Aayu Karma’

Aayu-karma
           Life-span-determining karma

Aayus
           Longevity

Abandh
           Non-binding activity;  Absence of the inflow of Karmic Matter towards the Self

Abhaav
           (abhava) No feelings or attitude towards; No opinion, Non-existence; Negation; Non-perception;

Abhavya
           One who is not likely to attain knowledge of the Soul and liberation associated with Self realisation, and cannot liberate to moksha
One who is unlikely to attain moksha; Reprobate

Abhayadaan
           To give protection; literally donate release from fear eg. Save animals;
Total redemption

Abhayapada
           Position from which there is no fear of fall

Abhilaasha
       Deepest desire

Abhudaya
       Facilitation of worldly comforts; Prosperity or uplifting  in the relative world

Abhyantar
       Inner

Abhyas
           Study

Abudha
           ‘Simple and Open’, being free from intellectualism; ‘Being’, sans intellect, is Abudhapad

Achetan
           Inanimate or Non-living; Devoid of Consciousness of the Self

Achit
           Without life or soul

Achyuta
           Firm

Adeetha tapa
           Invisibility austerity; Invisible penance

Adharma
           Religious demerit ,Activities not leading to Pureself or liberation Unrighteousness

Adhikaran
           Dependence

Adhikaran-kriya
           Those acts which promote and lead to dependence
Using instruments of destruction;
Having weapons of hurtfulness

Adhishtaan
          The Lord Hari from whom the world was born, within whom it exists and in whom it finally ends
Basic foundation

Adhista
           Appropriate

Adho-loka
           The lower world; The home of infernal beings

Adhyaas
           Superimposition; Delusion

Adhyakshan
           Till now

Adhyatma
           The study of the Self; Relating to the Atma, the Soul; Science of Inner Vision

Adhyatmamarga
           Path towards the Atma; Inner effort to detach oneself from worldly bonds
The path that leads to the Self

Advaita
           Non-duality; Philosophy that there is nothing more than one soul or Brahma in the Universe; Monism

Advee
           Indecorous

Aghati
           Non-obscuring;

Aghati-karma
           Effect of ‘deeds’ that asserts on the Mortal Frame of a Soul, without veiling or obscuring the essential attributes of the Pure Self. They are:
(a) Aayu (b) Nama (c) Gotra and (d) Vedaniya

Aghatiya
           Karmas that generate embodiment and particular conditions thereof
 Non-destructive karmas

Agiyarmu gunasthanak
            Eleventh step on the path of liberation; State when all worldly attractions are overcome

Agnaan
           Knowledge not attended by the true belief
Ignorance; Also termed Ajnana. Gnani's terminology; Ignorance of the Self.
Ignorance – nivartaka – remover.
Wrong belief caused by ignorance.
Lack of discrimination between  good and bad
Nescience
A state of the Non-realisation of the soul
Delusionary knowledge

Agnaani
           One who is living the worldly life; Sansari  without any knowledge of theReal; See Moodhhatma; One who sees this relative world as  Real. Agnostic

Agni
           Fire

Agni-kaayik
           Fire-bodied

Agopya
           Evident; Not concealed

Aguru-lagu
           Neither heavy nor light
Property of being dimensionless; That can not be described in size

Agurulagutva
           Equality of status; Not under any pressure of deviation from the balance of the state of the Self

Aham
           Ego

Ahankar
           Ego (“I am Chandulal”) .Also Ahamkar in Hindi, Egoism when ego is in action. (“ I am The doer”)
Evolute of maya

Ahimsa
           Non-harming; Non-violence; Non-hurting any living being through body, mind and speech
also Ahinsa

Aisvarya
           Opulence; Spiritual powers
Divine powers, fortune

Ajanma
           Unborn; Without birth

Ajiva
           Inanimate; lifeless
Non-self; Non-living; sub-divided into (i) Matter
(ii) Space  (iii) Time (iv) Dynamic Quality (Dharma) and (v) Static Quality (Adharma).
Non-sentient entity; Insentient; Non-soul

Akaash
           Space

Akarama bhoomi
             The land of enjoyment only and hence not conducive towards attainment of Self realisation and moksh

Akarta
           Non-doer

Akhuta
       That which never finieshes or empties

Akram
           Without a specific method or step or order

Akram marg
           Dada Bhagwan’s Stepless Path to Liberation; His science of Absolutism

Akram vignan
           Dadashri's stepless path to Liberation; Science of Absolutism

Akshaya
           Forever; Eternal; That which can never be destroyed.

Alaukik
           Grand; Extraordinary; Godly; Beyond this world; Real

Alaukik dharma
           Exceptional and extraordinary path to the Real; Nontraditional or non-customary religion.

Amar
           Immortal

Amurta
          Formless; That which lacks appearance, touch, smell and substance; Invisible
Anaachaar
            Sin; Bad action; Failure of vow

Anaadi
          Having no beginning

Anaadianant
           Eternal; Without a beginning oran an end

Anaahaari
           One who does not eat or drink

Anaatma
           Non-Self ; Inanimate things

Anakar
           Formless; Undetermined
 

Anant
           (ananta);  Endless; Infinite

Anant darshan
           Absolute infinite perception

Anant gnan
           Absolute infinite knowledge; A synonym for kevalajnana
Kevala gyana; Perfect Knowledge

Anantanubandhi kashayas
           The most  intense type of passion which leads to infinite bondage and births and obstructs Self Realization
Tenacious passions; Passion that “Pursue from the limitless past”,  preventing the attainment of Samyak darshan

Anantcharitra
           State attained when all Mohaniya Karma ( the one that deludes the Self) is overcome

Anantkaaya
           That which contains innumerable lives

Anant sukh
           Infinite bliss

Ananya bhaav
           Pure (shuddha) open and eager bhaav; Matchless devotion

Ananya sharan
           Surrender to Purity; Matchless surrender

Anarambha
          Sinless; Innocent

Anekaant
           Accepting of different views and dharmas; Non-absolutism

Anekanta-vada
          Doctrine of non-absolutism
 Philosophy accepting different views

Anindriya
           Quasi-sense

Annaniya
           Agonistics

Antahskaran
           (Also Antahkarana). The inner organ , comprising of mun or manas( mind ),buddhi ( intellect or determinative faculty ),  chitta or citta (function of two components which are gnan and darshan ) and ahankar ( ego ).
The inner psychic instrument; mental faculty, giving prompt response or reaction to anything
Composite form of mind, intellect, ego etc

Antaraaya (karma)
           Hindrance
Karmas that limit the achievement of any goals
Obstructing karma
Karma that restricts the energy-quality of the soul
Inflow of obstructive Karma

Antaradrashti
           Sight into Self

Antardhaan
          To become invisible; Invisibility

Antaratma
          Inner soul possessed of true knowledge; Interior self
The state of perceiving the Self within

Antar-bhaav
           The state of existence between death and birth

Antardaah
           Inner turmoil; Restlessness

Antardashaa
           The inner state; State of the Soul

Antardrishti
           Introspection

Antargnan
           Knowledge of Soul

Antarmukha
          Faced within; Meditative

Antarvrutti
            Inner activity

Antaryaami
           Indweller; The One who resides within.; The Supreme Lord; The Self.

Anu
           Atom

Anubhav
           Experience

Anubhuti
       Experience

Anuchar
           Servant; Care giver

Anugaamin
           Following

Anugrah
           Grace; Piety; Higher help.

Anukampa
           Compassion towards all suffering

Anumod
           To support

Anusaar
           Accordingly

Anushthan
           Religious activity

Anuvrata
           Small vow; Five minor vows: violence, falsehood, stealing, carnality and possessiveness

Apadhyana
           Thinking ill of others
Perverted meditation

Aparamaarthika
           Emperical; Not in the interest of the higher good.

Aparigraha
           Nonpossession

Apeksha
           Wish; Desire

Apkaya
           Life forms or jivas formed from water

Apramaadi
       One who always strives to be aware of the Self
Constantly awakened to the state of the Aatma

Apratibaddha
           Without attachment

Apta-vachana
           Statement of an authentic personality

Apurva
           Unprecedented

Apvada
           Criticism; Insult

Apvarga
           Liberation; Moksha

Arati
           Displeasure in regard to sense activities
Dissatisfaction
( The lamp-waving ceremony = Aarti)

Arihant
           The one without Passion; The conquerer of all passions…Kasaya;
Realized soul with kevala jnana

Aropit
           Existance at false location, e.g. I am Chandulal

Aropitbhaav
           Feeling of existence, acceptance of this existence as real, e.g. I am Chandulal. Deluded world view

Arpan
           Surrender; Offering

Artadhyaana
           Mournful meditation….does not cause harm to others. See Raudra-dhyana

Artha
           Thing perceived. See Paramartha

Arupi
           Without form

Asakti
           Mental disability

Asamkhyata
           Innumerable; Countless

Asanga
           Not influenced; Without company

Asangapanu
           No interest in company except when concerned with the Atma

Asariri; ashareeree
           Free from embodiment; A Siddha; The state of the Gnani
One not concerned about the body; One who is established in the Self

Ashaata
           Pain; Sorrow

Ashaatavedaniya
           What causes unpleasant feeling; Pain-feeling; That which brings pain
The inflow of pain bringing feeling

Ashubh
           Unpleasant
Nonbeneficial; Paapa; Inauspicious or sinful (karma); See Subh
Unwholesome

Asrava; Aashrava; Aastrava
           Influx of Karmic matter into the nature of Soul; Inflow,karmic
The attraction of good or bad matter by the soul in virtue of its mental, vocal(?)
The thought-activity invites the karmic matter into the Soul

Astikaya
           One with substances from many different worlds

Astikya
           Belief in transmigration of the Soul

Astitva
           Existence; The Real basis; The true nature of anything

Atichaar
       Faults (dosh) commited without intentions to comit errors.

Atikraman
           Aggression through  thoughts, speech or action.

Atindriya
         Beyond the reach of senses

Atindriya-pratyaksa
           Super-sensuous  intuition

Atindriya Sukh
         Spiritual happiness

Atma ramanta
           To be absorbed in the Self

Atma sakshatkara
           Self-realization.

Atmabodh
           The Knowledge of the Self

Atmadharma
           Religion of the Pure Self

Atmadhyas
          Permanent perception of the Pure Self

Atmagnan
           Knowledge of one’s self as Atma

Atmagnani
           The one who has known the Self

Atmananda
           The Joy of Pure Self
 

Atmanishtha
           Faith in the Soul's inherent powers

Atmanubhava
           Experience of Atma ; the experience of the Self;
Abiding in one’s own nature

Atma-yoga
           Attunement with the Self

Atmayogeshwar
           Ever attuned to the Supereme, Absolute, Pure Self

Atmayogi
           One, for ever in harmony with Puren Self.

Atmic bhaav
           Soul Consciousness

Atyantabhaav
           Absolute non-existance

Avadhaan
           Display of the ability to concentrate and attend to multiple activities simultaneously

Avadhi
           Visual; Clairvoyance

Avadhi gnan
           Transcendental knowledge of material substances; Knowledge of recognising ‘Play of Pudgal’ without the aid of  physical senses; Knowledge of the distant, non-sensible in time or space. Clairvoyance
Visual intuition
The third level of  knowledge where one can know things beyond the capability of the senses; clairvoyance

Avasarpini
          Descending round; Regressive half-cycle

Avasarpinikaal
          The descending stretch in the cycles of Time, when powers of all living things slowly decline; lasts for 10 “kodakodi saagar;
Regressive half-cycle

Avastha
           State of things, state of events, state of feelings

Avasthit
           Circumstantialised; Absorption of the Self in a phase of life.

Avdhignan
           Transcendental knowledge of material things
Knowledge of the nature of a thing within the limitations of physical elements- Space,Time and Feeling

Avinashi
       Eternal

Avinaya
           Disrespect

Avirata
           Vowlessness; Non-renunciation; One who is without self-control.

Avirati
           Intense attachment; Non abstinence; Non renunciation
Nonrestraint

Avivek
           Discourteous; Indiscriminate; Unable to decide between  the truth and untruth.

Avtar
           Incarnation; To enter into a body

Avyabaad
           Superiority over joy and grief
Non-interferring
Without restriction or pain

Avyakta
           Unexplainable; Neutral

Avyaya
       That which never ages or disintegrates

Ayogipad
           The highest pinnacle of spiritual ascent: the last Guna-Sthana or the last stage of spiritual evolution, when all the vibrations of mind, speech, body totally stop. This too-brief stage makes the soul ‘Kevalin’

Ayu-karma
           Karma that determines the span of a given time; Longevity determining karma
 
 
 

B
 
 

Baahyabhav
           External; Worldly desires and emotions

Bahiratma
           Exterior self; Perception of the external as the Self

Bandh
           Attracted matter had actually become a part of our body, i.e., when it has become bound to the soul as the body is already bound to it.
Bondage
Karmic bondage
The matter comes and binds the soul.
Bondage. Activity that binds the self by karmic matter

Bandhan
           The state of  bondage; Energy that brings about karmic influx

Bhaan
           Awareness. Here, awareness of the Real. Dada also used the term Bhon

Bhaang
           An intoxicating drink

Bhaashya
           Detailed criticism (literary)

Bhaav
           Also Bhava. Feelings, Intention, actuality. The state that distinguishes the Soul
Psychical factor
A word that is closest to “emotion” or “wish” but has also part of the meanings of the words “result”, “property”, “substance”
          Belief; Identification through feeling and thinking; Emotional existence; State of feeling or thinking
State that distinguishes the Soul

Bhaav hinsa
           Inner violence; "Charge " violence

Bhaav karma
           Charge karmas; Deed through the impact of one’s belief or state of thinking;
Deed through the impact of one's belief or state of thinking

Bhaav mana
           Psychic mind. In Dadashri’s terminology all bhava is in the relative sphere and is linked to
charging of karmas

Bhaav-abhava
           Absence of identification, with the consequential ‘discharge’; Perception of any activity-‘charge’-as a passing phase.

Bhaavana
           Contemplation
Here, an article, showing the path of undifferentiated cognition of the ‘Self’, supporting practice
Meditation; Contemplation

Bhaavarth
           Meaning with reference to internal feeling

Bhaavendriya
           Sense as a mode of the soul

Bhaavitavyataa
           Destiny

Bhaavnindra
           Delusion resulting in attachment and abhorence (raag and dwesh)

Bhaav puja
            The internal aspect of a devotional practice

Bhaavsamadhi
           Stillness of the Atma being free from bhaavs

Bhaavshoonya
           Without bhaava

Bhadran
           A town in India where Dadashri had his schooling

Bhagwan
           Prabhu; Paramatma- attributes to the Arihant or the Liberated Soul

Bhagwan Mahavir Swami
           The Twenty fourth Tirthankar of the Jains, the last One in the present Avsarpini Kaal, decending time
cycle

Bhagwan Rushabhdev
           The First Tirthankar, the Absolute Scientist; First sociologist, reformer, administrator, agrituralist. He renounced the kingdom, entrusting the throne to his eldest son, Bharat; First initiator of Tri-Mantras; also known as ‘Dada’ - Lord Adishwar

Bhajan
           Religious song in praise of God

Bhakta
           Devotee

Bhakti
           Devotion; Self surrender in devout worship; Reverence
In Dada's terminology -- a) to approach nearer and nearer to the Self
                                      b) to follow as instructed by Gnana

Bharat
           Son of Lord Rishabdeva, the first chakravarti

Bharat kshetra
           See Jambu Dwip; This world of ours

Bhav Sansar
           Realm of births

Bhavishya
           Future

Bhavya
           Worthy of Liberation; soul that may attain moksha;
One who is capable  of attaining moksa

Bhavya
           Likely to attain moksh

Bhaya
           Fear

Bhed
           Disjunction; Difference

Bhed gnan
           The knowledge that separates the Self from the non-self;

Bhed Vignani
           The one who knows and is able to separate the Self from non-self
Knowledge of the distinctions of life and non-life

Bhoga
           Enjoyment

Bhoga-bhumi
           Realm of enjoyment; Land of enjoyment

Bhoot
           Past. see Bhavishya and vartman

Bhraant purushartha
       Deluded activities without realizing Pureself, without becoming a ‘Purush’-Egocentric activities

Bhraanti
           Delusion
Illusion; Wrong belief; Ignorance

Bhratuhari
           Name of a great yogi and King who realised the Self  through real life experiences

Bija
           Seed

Bodh
       Sacred teachings

Brahmaa
           One of the demi-gods- the creator of the Universe
Self (?)

Brahmaswarup
         Oneness with Brahmaa; God-realised

Brahmaand
           Universe

Brahmachaari
           Celibate; One who has reached the tenth level of Spiritual enlightment....goonsthanak.

Brahmacharya
           A life of Celibacy and chastity, devoted to the attainment of Pure Self and Liberation
To delve in the Self

Brahman
           Absolute; Creator; the Self

Brahmanishtha
           Residing in Pure Self

Brahmanna
           Ignorance and illusion

Brahmin
           A person belonging to the first of the four classes of the Hindu Society, expected to be performing and in the pursuit of religion, spiritual practices, scriptural study etc

Buddhi
           Vivid determination; Intellect; Knowledge
 Intelligence; The determinative faculty of the mind which makes decisions;  Rationalizing faculty of mind, coupled with “ego” helping one distinguish between ‘Good’ and ‘Bad’ in the relative, and shows profit and loss in the worldly affairs.
 
 

C
 

Chaitanya
           Pure consciousness; Life form that can attain knowledge and true realization

Chaitanya swaroop
           Pure Self

Chaitanyaghan
          One filled with virtues of Pure knowledge

Chakravarti
           King of Kings; Lord of six continents; Supreme lords

Chakshurdarshana
           Undifferentiated cognition conditional upon the eye
Visual perception
Visually evident; what can be seen by the eyes
Eye-intuition

Charam shareer
           Super-fine and lustrous body
The last body that the Atma has before liberating to moksha

Charan
           Feet. (see Soocharan)

Charitra
           Character; Irreprochable moral conduct
Right conduct

Charitramoha
           Deluded conduct
Activity or Conduct that is ‘a must’ but does not absorb the doer emotionally.  It is, as Dadashri says, ‘Discharge Moha’
Character-deluding; Which deludes the right conduct

Charitra-mohaniya
           Conduct deluding(karma)
What deludes the right conduct

Charnavinda
       Lotus feet

Chaturgati
          The four worlds of existence within which the soul migrates: god or deva, human form, existence in hell and existence as a beast or plant

Chaturindriya
           Four-sensed (touch,taste,smell and sight)

Chaud lok
           Fourteen Cosmic Planes

Chetan
           Life  or living element; Pure Self; Pure; Unalloyed consciousness

Chetantatva
           Along with Amurtatva, is a common attribute of the class of substance, or group of attributes, called Soul.  Consciousness

Chha kaya
          Six bodies or forms of life - earthly, water, fire, vegetative, air and tras

Chhadmastha
           Soul which is still covered with Karmas; One that has not achieved omniscience or Keval Gnan
A being involved in the world

Chinta
           Discursive thought; Worries

Chit
           The subtlest part of inner organ which takes exact pictures, visualizes inside without help of any external things; Roving tendency or faculty of mind; Also citta, the function of the inner organ antahskaran which has properties of Gnan (knowledge) and darshan (view)
Reflective and roving tendency or faculty of mind.
Atma in the state of knowledge
Consciousness

Chit vruti
          Predliction or tendency to seek pleasure in Non-self (worldly pleasures)

Chovihaar
          Renouncement of four substances at night: Khadya - food, Svaadhya - taste producing substances such as mint etc., Lehya - one that may be licked and Peya - drink, even water

Chovisi
           Succession of twenty four Tirthankars in One Era of Time-cycle, putting succintly ‘Score-and-Four’

D
Daal
           Lentils

Daan
           Charity; Beneficence; Alms giving
Beneficence, charity

Daata
           Bestower

Dahivada
           An Indian dish of dumplings dipped in yogurt.

Darshan
          Seeing; A view or an audience; State of Oneness of the Perceiver and the Perceived; Right Belief
View, may be external (Mithya, bahya, worldly) or internal (Samyak, antar, enlightened)
To see; To become evident from the senses or directly from the soul without the need for thought or imagination; When thought is needed, it is Gnan or knowledge
The sight or beholding of the deity or holy person with reverence or devotion

Darshan kriya
           Urges for visual gratification
Infatuated desire to see a pleasing form

Darshan moha
          An infatuated state when one loses one’s real identity in the object; ‘Charge Moha’
Delusion of attitude or vision
That which makes one forget the Self
Attitude-deluding or belief-deluding

Darshan mohaniya
           One that causes attractions and prevents true darshan or realization of one’s soul; Maya
Right-belief-deluding karmic matter
Attitude-deluding or belief-deluding (karma)
View-deluding karma

Darshanavaran
           Intuition-covering (karma)

Darshanavaraniya
           Perception-obscuring karmas
That restricts realization of the Truth

Deha
           Body

Dehadhyas
           Superimposition of the physique and the physical over the Pure Self.
The belief that “I am the body” or “I am Chandulal”

Derasar
           Jain Temple

Deshana
           Immortal utterances of the Absolute or the Arihants; Divination
Instruction

Dev gati
           see ‘Gati’; Gati: migration of the Self into different states of existence

Dev lok
           A cosmic plane where Celestial beings live. They are capable of changing forms, visiting other planes etc.
Abode of demi-gods

Deva
           Deities
Heavenly beings; Ultimate divinity
The Celestial Beings
(Lit., shinning ones) Divine Beings. Devis, female.Celestial beings

Devadhidev
           God of gods; The Supreme Lord

Dharma
           Religion; Righteousness; Moral or social duty and law; Code of ethical conduct; What leads to prosperity and emancipation; Religious merit;
Self-identify;  The Principle of Motion. Real religion of Pure self
The inner(innate) property of a thing, which governs its growth. See goona or guna, religion, morality (in worldly sense)
duty; that which liberates us from the dukkha of the world and leads to true joy of the Atma
Attribute

Dharmadhyaan
          Analytical meditation; Virtuous concentration; Concentration (dhyana) of the soul towards dharma; This dhyana is of four types - Agnyavichaya, Apaayavichaya, Vipaakvichaya and Sansthaanvichaya

[Dada explains: When  someone throws a stone at you and you get hurt, that person is just a nimit and whatever happened is a result of fruition of your own past karmas, this awareness is dharmadhyaan.]

Dharmastikaya
           Air, Space; That which supports living creatures, just as water supports fish

Dhoti
           White cotton or linnen garment wrapped around the waist and tucked in.

Dhravya
           Physical substance which exists externally
Substance which undergoes modifications but which by nature, is imperishable
External;
 

Dhravya hinsa
       Violence menifest through thoughts, speech or action

Dhun
         Repeated singing of the Lord's name

Dhyana
           Contemplation; Meditation; Constant Vision
 Concentration-internal austerity. Meditation

Dhyata
           Mediator

Digambar
           A Sect of Jainism, lit. ‘sky-clad’ or ‘naked’, implying: nothing that is non-self merits owning
Sky-clad; name of the Jaina sect whose mendicants practice ascetic nudity

Diksha
           Initiation unto monkhood

Divyachakshu
           Divine eyes through which one ‘sees’ both the relative and Real as separate

Drashta
           Witness; Seer

Drashti
             The process of perception

Drashtipher
           The change of vision or view e.g. from ‘I am this body’ to ‘I am Pure Soul’

Drashya
           Objective world; External object

Drasti raag
           Exclusive attachment to a particular view-point; monomania

Dravyakarma
       Effect karmas; Karmas which obstruct knowledge- there 8 types

Dravyakriya
           Pseudo-action

Dravyaman
           Physical mind; Mind-quality substance

Dravya puja
           Form of worship employing external objects

Dukha
           Suffering or pain

Durlabh
           Not attained; Attained only after taking pains

Dusama
           Privation; Unhappy

Dusham kaal
           The Fifth epoch [Ara], according to the Jain Chronology. The current times of crises and calamities, vices and woes
Also called Kaliyug

Dvaita
           Dual; Duality

Dweendriya
           Two-sensed (touch and taste)

Dwesh
           Hatred in the pleasing and displeasing worldly objects of the five senses; Aversion;
 Abhorrence. A situation arising out of ignorance of the Self. See raag.
 
 

E
 

Eeshwara
          (see Ishwar) Pure nature

Ekaant
           One-sided; Taking only one aspect of a many-sided thing e.g. Man is mortal and immortal regarded from the point of view of body and soul respectively

Ekaantik
           Single-minded; Single visioned
Viewing anything from a focusedperspective to the exclusion of other views

Ekavtaari
           One more life

Ekendriya
           A being with only one (namely, the tactile) sense faculty; a synonym for sthava
One-sense creature
 
 
 

F
 

Farajiat
           Compulsory, no choice, also known as Prarabdha, according Dadashri
 
 

G
Galan
           Discharge; Disintegrating; Excretion or output . See puran and pudgal
Fission; Dissociation; Throwing out

Ganadhar
           Chief disciple or apostles of the Tirthankar
Direct disciple of the Tirthankaras Supporters of the order, i.e., the first mendicant disciples of a Tirthankara

Garbha
           Conception

Gati
           Migration of the Self into different states of existence: viz (i) Deva Gati - that of celestial beings,  (ii) Narka Gati - that of hellish denizens,  (iii) Manushya Gati - that of human beings and (iv) Tiryanch Gati - that of non-human beings, like birds, animals, insects, plants etc
Birth; Destiny
Condition of existence

Gautam Swami
           A Brahmin scholar who became the first and the formost disciple, ganadhar of Bhagwan Mahavir Swami; main compiler and editor of his Divinations; Fully self-realized; Incidentally he was a Vidhyadhar, named ‘Vegavan’ in Mahavideh Kshetra in his third previous life.His other name was Indrabhuti or "Goyama"

Ghaati karma
           Destructive karma; That which veils or obscures the essential nature of the Pure Self, and so called ‘Ghati’ or destructive: There are four such : (a) Gnanavaraniya that restrict knowledge (b) Darshanavaraniya that restrict realization of the Truth(c) Mohaniya that are delusive and cause attractions and finally  (d) Antaraya that limit the achivement of any goals

Ghee
           Clarified butter

Gnaat
           Knowing; Knowledgable (as in Gnat-putra)

Gnaata
           The Knower or the seer (i.e. The Pure Self).
The Observer

Gnaata-drashta

Gnaatpita
           Giver of the ultimate knowledge

Gnaatputra
          Receiver of the ultimate knowledge

Gnan
           Knowledge. Here knowledge of the Self or the Real (also Gnana, Gyana ,Gyan, Jyana;); Real Knowledge; Self-realisation;  Discriminating knowledge; Conciousness

Gnan agni
           The fire of Knowledge

Gnan avaran
         Veiling of knowledge

Gnan drashti
           The view through knowledge, also known as Gnan darshan

Gnanpralaya
           State of Ultimate realization

Gnan prayog
           Effort of the Gnani…here the highest effort of the Gnani; see Gnan Vidhi

Gnanshakti
           Power of knowledge; Energy of the Self

Gnan vidhi
           Exclusive for Akram Vignan..see Gnan Prayog. This is the “process” of 48 minutes wherein the Gnani graces the seeker and imparts the Knowledge of the Self….see Bhed Gnan

Gnanaavaran; gnanaavaraniya
           Knowledge-obscuring or knowledge-covering

Gnani
       One in total Self-realization; The Absolute
One who has realised the Self. Also syn., Jnani or Gyani

Gnani Purush
           One who has realized the Self and is able to do the same for others.

Gnanupayoga
           Cultivation of knowledge; Being in the Self
Aware; Application of awareness of the Self

Gnanyoga
       Internal spiritual activity

Gneya
             Substances that are appropriate to know
also Jneya; The object to be known (i.e. the Non-Self)
Goona
           Qualities born of nature. Also guna in Hindi
Quality(of substance) ; Attributes; Elements or energies

Goonathaanu
           Also Goonasthana. Stages of spiritual development

Gotra
           Status-determining; Family surroundings

Gotra karma
           That which destines the family surrounding, rank etc. through one’s birth
Status-determining karmas
Karmas that determine environmental circumstances
Karmas that bring forth gurutva-lagutva

Grahan
           Cognition
Attainment of the status of ‘Pure-Self’; Realisation of the Self
Receiving; Grasping, opposite of Tyaga

Grantha
           Book

Granthi
           Knot of intense attachment or repulsion

Gruhasthi
           Householder; Devout follower who still runs a normal household

Guna
           Qualities born of nature.....(also Goona); Attributes

Gunasthaan
           Stage of Spiritual development;
Stage of spiritual enlightenment; there are 14 such stages, each higher in range of gunas or virtues that are attained by the vyavahaar atma (spiritual seeker) following the Right (samyak) path
That which is intrinsic and stays with each dravya...as compared with paryaya...which is the changing aspect of dravya

Guru
           Master; Preceptor

Gurukilli
           The Master-key for a Guru (a spiritual guide)

Gurupurnima
           Ashadhi Purnima - a holy festival-Disciples pay homage to their Guru

Gurutta
           Largeness; Heaviness

Guruttam
           The most heavy and high; Topmost
 

H

Hari
           The Self; He who removes all obstacles

Himsa; hinsa
          Violence; Injury; Harming;
 
 

I

Icchhaa
           Will; Desire

Iccha shakti
         The power of will

Indriya
           An organ of sense, sense organ; Organs of perception and action

Indriyagamya
           One that can be known by the senses

Indriya-pratyaksa
           Knowledge born of 5 senses; Sensuous direct cognition
Sensory perception

Ishwar
           (also Isvara; Eeshwara);  God
God., with attributes , saguna.  The Absolute or the Supreme Self , is without attributes , nirguna., Brahman.
Pure nature

Ishwar anugraha
           The grace of God
 
 

J
 

Jaagruti
           Awareness

Jaati karma
           The variety of naama-karma that determines one’s specific destiny

Jaati-smaran gnan
           Knowledge of one’s previous lives

Jadataa
           Denseness; Ignorance

Jagat
           World

Jain
           One who studies the science of the Jins or worship the Jins

Jainism
           A faith that preaches the path of Self-realisation and liberation through the conquest of the foes to the Pure Self.

Jalebi
           A sweet dish - swirl shaped batter fried and soaked in syrup

Jal-kaayik
           Water-bodied

Jambudwip
           As per ‘cosmology’ by the Omni-scient Absolutes , the Universe [Cosmos] is, in shape, comparable to a symmetrically built man, in whose extremities are hellish worlds; central portion encloses the animal and human worlds; breast, neck and head are composed of the celestial worlds. Above these worlds of gods, there is ‘Siddh-Sheeta’. It is the central abode of the Liberated Souls, who are ever radiant and in Bliss, free from all attachment or sorrow and suffering. In shape, it can be likened to a canopy concave below and convex above.
Now the universe, as described above, has Mount Meru in the centre around which runs the first continent Jambudwip- The Jambu Island, as it surrounded by the Lavana Samudra[Ocean]. In Jambu-dwip, there are 15 planes, inhabited by human beings. They are ‘Karma-Bhumi’, offering scope of liberation to the inhabitants through endeavour and effort. These fifteen planes are :  5 Mahavideh Kshetras + 5 Airavat Kshetras + 5 Bharat Kshetras.
        We belong to Bharat Kshetra. Our earth, including India, is Arya-Khanda, a subdivision of Bharat Kshetra

Janak
           Also known as Janak Videhi , an Indian king  : an  account of his Self realization can be found in the  Ashtavakra Gita.

Janma
           Birth

Japa(Jup)
           Incantation
Repetition of some invocation or God’s name
literally , 'muttering ', but as an abbreviated form of  nama-jap it means repetition of the name of God. See mantra Repetition of some invocation or God’s name

Jay Sacchidanand; Jai Satchitanand
           Glory to Truth, Bliss and Joy Eternal-The attributes of Pureself
Sat= Eternal        Chit= Awareness    Anand= Bliss

Jeev
           (also Jiva); Worldly souls having bodies; Embodied souls; Atma; Essence of life
Soul; Individual self
Sentient entity; Living, Soul; Individual soul; Living creature.
The one who lives and dies

Jeevatma
         The spiritual nature of soul

Jeevaastikaaya
           Atma capable of true knowledge and realization; One that can exist in all the different realms

Jeevanmukti
           Freedom from worldly life while living.
State of embodied freedom; Embodied beings free from bondage
Emancipation during life; Self Realisation
One who is liberated while still alive. Synonymous with  Videhi. This is the first stage of  Moksh that Dada talks about in this book

Jeevsattaa
           Inherent power of Atma or Jiva

Jhokham
           Danger

Jignaashaa
           Inquisitiveness; Curiosity; Enquiry

Jignashu
           Inquisitive

Jin
          Victor over love and hate (raag and dvesh); One who has realized the Self.
Spiritual victor, a synonym for Tirthankar
Literally ‘the victor’; One who has attained omniscience

Jinendra
             (also Jineshwar); The fully realised one. The enlightened one. Tirthankara
The Supreme Soul, Arihant, who has triumphed over all the foes to the Pure Self,’Liberation Incarnate.’ [The Supreme Soul, who has controlled his sense and ‘subjects’, and conquered all the passions and foes to the Pure Self.]

Jin-mudra
           Posture of meditation while standing with feet about 2 inches apart and arms hanging over the side

Jivaatma (Jiva)
           Embodied Soul
Individual soul.; Living creature; ‘Charged’ self, a bound soul;

Jivan mukta
           One who experiences liberation in this very birth
Embodied beings free from bondage
Emancipation during life;  State of embodied freedom
One who is liberated while still alive
Syn. with Videhi. This  is the first stage of Moksh that Dada talks about

Jivaatma dasha
           A state of the worldly being who identifies himself with the body

Jup
       Also Jap, Japa, literally 'muttering', but as an abbreviated form of nama-jap. It means
repetition of the name of God.  See mantra.  Repetition of some invocation or Gods' name.
 
 
 

K
 

Kaal
           Period of existence of substance; Time

Kaaran
           Cause

Kaaran Sharira
           Causal body

[Dada explains: A new subtle body created (in Agnanta) in process of discharging of past karmas. This will become a Kaarya (effective body; discharging) sharir for the next life upon death. This is how life cycle continues from birth to birth.]

Kaarmana sharira
           The transmigrating body of karmic matter
The essential body that is covered with knowledge obstructing karma

Kaarya
           Effect; Work

Kaarya sarira
        Effective body

[see Kaaran sharira]

Kaaya
           Activity of the body
Extended entity; Movement of body

Kaayotsarga
           To focus away from the body and to the Soul;  meditate on the Self
Abandoning attachment to the body and contemplating on the Real Self; initial spiritual practice for any devine help, also known as ‘Kausagg’
Abandonment of the body, a standing or sitting posture of meditation

Kadaagraha
           Dogma

Kadhee
           Soup made with chickpea flour, yogurt and spices, common in Gujarat

Kaivalya
           The State of Omniscience or Absolutism
Pure knowledge

Kali-yug
           The current time cycle also known as doosham kaal , characterized by a progressive decline in spiritual knowledge and, consequently, the degeneration of human civilization.

Kalpanaa
           Imagination

Kalpit
           Imagined

Kalush
           Sin

Kalyaan
           Realization;. The state of one who has received  aagnas in the path of Moksha

Kalyaanak
           Auspicious moments

Kalyaanmurti
       Te one who liberates others

Karma
           Incomprensible activity of life
There are three  principal meanings :
    (1) action,
    (2) consequences of actions,
    (3) destiny :
   In Dada's  terminology all action of current life is karmaphal and not karma. Activity in the material world , which always entangles one in some reaction , whether good or bad.
Deeds which leave the causes [Deed; causes of any doing].
Action that covers the soul and prevents realization

Karmabhoomi
           Land of spiritual effort where mankind exist, engage in commerce and are subject to accumulation and discharge of karma; the world suitable for achieving true knowledge and liberation

Karmaphal
           Fruition of karmas charged from past life
The fruits; Result; Discharge ; Of action

Karma-vignan
           Activity conciousness; The subjective mind

Karma-yoga
           External spiritual activity; Attainment of the Self through action

Karmendriya
           Motor organs; Organs of action

Karmi
           A person who has to go through the results of his previous karmas

Kartaa
           Doer

Karunaa
           Piety

Karunya
           Compassion

Kashaaya
           Passions (Anger, greed, lust, pride, deluded behaviour) that obstruct right knowledge and behavior; that extend karma and involvement in the world;
Self-binding mental tendencies: ego, attachment, pride and greed

Keertan
           Glorification of God; Singing in praise of God

Keval
           Absolute One; Pure and perfect
Autonomous
 

Keval Darshan
           The Absolute; Undifferentiated Cognition
Perfect intuition
Perception associated with Keval gnan

Keval Gnan
           Pure and perfect knowledge
 The Omni-Science, Absolutism; Omniscient knowledge
Knowledge isolated from karmic obstruction; Infinite knowledge; Omniscience; Knowledge involving awareness of every existent in all its qualities
Ultimate True and Complete Knowlege; Tantamount to attainment of  moksha

Kevali
           Absolutely alone
One who has attained kevalgnana, a synonym for Arhat
One in the State of Omniscience or Absolutism

Khatpatiaa Vitrag
           Free from all attachments except for the design of showing others the path of liberation
Practical, shrewd detached Gnani

Khichadee
           A simple rice and lentil dish

Kirtan
           Singing the glorification of the Supreme Lord, here, the Self

Krama
           Order; Sequential order

Kramic
           Step-by-step; Orderly . See Akram

Krishna
           Incarnation, Preacher of Gita, Symbollically the cosmic consiciousness of the Pure Self, A Salakha Purush, Incarnation of Vishnu,’Vaasudev’

Kriya
           Urge, any action of thought, speech or body. Activity

Kriyasakti
           Power of action

Krodh
           Anger

Krupa
           Grace

Kshaayik bhava
          The mental state attained by destroying karma, such as kevalagyana and kevaladarshan

Kshaayik charitra
           Character attained by destroying deluding karmas; A state of stillness

Kshaayik samkit
           The state of fully annihilated passions; The one whose passions (Kashays) are fully destroyed;
Initial experience of the ultimate; Truth after destroying all passions

Kshaayik samyakdarshan
          The knowledge and clarity of vision reached in the absence of the seven natures of karma

Kshaayopashmik samkit
           Union with True knowledge; Continuous and consistent realization of the same

Kshana
           Moment

Kshanik
           Momentary

Kshatriya
           Member of warior caste

Kshaya
           Total dissociation and distruction

Kshetra
           Territory
Cosmic plane. See Jambudwip

Kshmaa
           Forgiveness; Mercy

Kudrati
           Naturally or automatically occuring

Kuguru
           A bad guru who does not have knowledge of the soul

Kundalini
           Yogic power, this has no relationship in the Science of Self Realization .Primordial cosmic energy located in the individual.

Kundilini-chakra
           Mystical centers of psychic energy

Kundkundacharya
           Highly revered, self realized Digambar Acharya [About 100 A.D.]. Author of many scriptures, throwing light on the essence of and evolution of Pure Self,’ A ‘Parinamvadi’.[ A Digambara Acharya, a ‘Parinamvadi’ philosopher whose Samayasara, Niyamsara, Pravachanasara are the authority of the Digambaras (1st or 5th Century A.D.)]

Kupaatra
          Undeserving; Bad character;
 
 

.
L
 

Labdhi
           Sentient potential
Powers gained by the destruction of veeryantraaya karma that saps strength; destruction of the coverings of sruta-gyaan

Laghuttam
           Most humble
The Lowliest and Lighest in the Relative being;  Ego-less;

Laksana
           Characteristic

Laksh
           Awareness

Laukik
           Mundane; Of this world, Relative

Laukik dharma
           Traditional or Relative Religion

Laukik drashti
           Worldly viewpoint; Common viewpoint

Laxmi
           Goddess of wealth and prosperity.

Laya
           Dissolution

Lepaaymaan
       The state of being covered

Linga
           Gender

Lobha
           Greed

Lok
          That supports all substances; a world

Lokottar dharma
       See ' Alaukik Dharma'

Loksanghnya
       To adopt the view of the worldly folks

Lonch
           A ceremony of hair plucking

M
 

Maan
           Sense of self-esteem; Conceit or pride

Maaya
           Deceit ; Delusion; Ignorance of the Self; The force that pulls one towards  the physical and mental senses; The cosmic illusion on account of which the relative appears as real.
Fascination for transitory objects out of ignorance or illusion.

Maayik sukh
           Delusive worldly happiness

Madhya-lok
           Middle of terristial world

Madhyama
          Intermediate

Mahaatma
           The one initiated by ‘Dadashri’; One living in harmony with the Real Self.
Great Soul; Self realised person
 

Mahavideh
           A special world from where souls can attain final moksh through darshan of existing Tirthankars

Mahavir-jayanti
           Birth anniversary of Lord Mahavir

Maha-vrat
           Great vow; Sadhu’s vows are known as mahaa-vrat
The five great vows of a mendicant
Austere Vows of a Renouncer
(see Anuvrat)

Mahi
           Within

Mahimaa
           Huge body

Maitree
          Friendship; Having no dislike or hate for anyone or anything in the world

Mamta
           Attachment with a sense of ‘mine’.

Manah-paryaya(gnan)
           Intuition of mental modes
Psychic mode; Telepathy; Mind-reading
Instuition of the modes of other minds;
 Direct awareness of thought forms of others without the aid of mind or senses
Transcendental knowledge of the thought and feelings of others, occuring without the medium of physical senses
Direct awareness of what thoughts are going on in the mind of other person before echo is heard in one's inner instrument(Antahkaran)

Manan
           Probing; Thought; Mind
The faculty of the inner organ , antahskaran , sometimes translated  as "mind" ; which is the substrate for all thoughts

Manodravya
           Matter constituting mind; Mind substance

Manojanya
           Born of mind

Mantra
           Sacred invocation; Transcendental chant that soothes and purifies mind
The sacred formula used in  jap , or repetition of God's name; Sacred words given to a disciple by a guru ; See Trimantra.
 The formula that holds the mind in one state
Holy litany
 Words that can effect the devas or gods; words to meditate on; secret conversation

Manushya
           Living beings with manas….mind. Humans

Manushya-gati
           Human destiny

Marg
           Path

Marjeeyaat
           Freewill, Purushaarth

Mataarthee
          Lack of freedom from passions; Lack of inner detachment

Mati(gnan)
           Sensous knowledge; Perceptual knowledge
A form of Knowledge acquired through sense perceptions
Mind-based knowledge; Sensuous knowledge
Knowledge gathered through the senses and the mind
Emperical knowledge

Mishra chetan
           Blending of consciousness, of the Pure-Self and the Non-Self; Partially pure, partially non-pure sensation

Mithyaa (sruta)
           Contrary to one's nature
Vitiated; Perverted; False; Deluded

Mithyaa darshan
           Wrong belief, synonymous with mithyadrsti and mithyatva
Sceptical deluded view
Deluded world view
Perverse attitude

Mithyaa drashti
           One who has no awareness of the atma
 Incorrect view of reality, the first gunasthana
A person of perverted attitude; wrong view ; Perverted vision

Mithyaa gnan
           Perverted knowledge; Wrong assessment of values; Delusion; Nescience; Wrong cognition

Mithyaatva
           Wrong faith; misbelief
Wrongness; Perverted attitude; Perversity; Predilection for the untruth
Perversion
Illusion or the non-real taken as the Real; False belief e.g. I am Chandulal.
Lack of insight; synonymous with mithyadarshan and mithyadrsti;  Vision deluding

Moha
           Infatuation
Delusion; False belief
Attraction, that makes the atma crazy…forgets self and other…gets one focussed on an external object

Mohaniya
           Deluding

Mohaniya karma
           Karma that are delusive and cause attractions.
Deluding karma; Karma that prevents the true perception of reality and the purity of the soul; karma that defiles the bliss-quality of the soul
Out of the 8 types of karma, this is the most powerful - it makes the atma forget itself

Moksh
           Ultimate salvation or liberation from the fetters of maya
Emancipation; release
Liberation of the soul from karmas, from the cycle of birth and death; Salvation; Freedom
Emancipation from the cycle of birth and death; the total separation of Soul from the bondage of all matter

Mokshmaarg
           The path of salvation; The path to moksha (samyak darshan, gyaan and charitra form the mokshamaarg)

Moodhatma
           One who sees this relative world as Real

Moodh-drashti
          Ignorance; Beliefs not discriminating between true and false

Moorchha-bhaav
           Desire or attachment for something external or belonging to another

Mukta
           The Liberated Soul

Mukti
           Liberation from the cycle of births and deaths
Release; Emancipation; Freedom . (Opp., of  bandhan)

Mula; muda
           Origin; Root; Base

Mumukshata
           Intense desire to know the Self;  Intense desire to be free……see Jignasha
Meditation to achieve only moksha

Mumukshu
           One who desires to achieve moksha; Spiritual aspirant; Seeker of  Liberation

Mun
           Thinking organ
(also Mana); The faculty of the inner organ,antahskaran, something translated as "mind", which
is the substrate for all thoughts

Muni
           Mendicant, Sage, Saint; Sadhu ; (a wrong definition is suspected here - one who has avadhi, manoparyaya and kevalagyaan - probably what is meant is that these are not present)

Murchha
           Delusion

Murtatva
           Materiality

Murti
           Image of deity installed in a temple for worship
Idol; In Gnani's Language ,all that is perceived  in the relative world. See  Amurta.
 
 

N

Naam-karma
           Physique-determining karma; Body making karma
Karma that determines destinies and body types
That which offers individual diversities to a Jiva

Naarayan
           Real Self; God; The  fully Realized Self
Lord; Sri Krishna

Naimittic
           Instrumental; Causal support

Namarupa
           Name and form; The nature of the world

Namaskaar
           Obesaince; Bow with reverence obesinance

Napumsaka
           Hermaphroditic

Nar
           Relative self

Narak gati
           The world of infernal beings; Hellish

Navapada
           Nine ideals - Arihant, Siddha, Achaarya, Upaadhyaya, Sadhu, Samyak darshana, Samyak gyaan, Samyak chaaritra, and Tapas

Navatattva
           Nine essences: Jiva -life, Ajiva - non-life, Aasrav - obstruction by karma, Bandh - bindings, Sanvar - , Nirjaraa - release of karmas , Moksha - liberation,  Paap - sin  and Punya - meritorious deeds

Navkaar mantra
          The most respected and central mantra of the Jains: Namo Arihantanam
Namo Siddhanam, Namo Aayariyanam, Namo Uvajjhayanam and Namo Loyesavvasahunam; these are salutations to the five great benefactors
also Namokar Mantra….Nine lines of the highest obesance to those who are or have been in the path of the ‘Real’
Obeisance to Panch Parmeshti

Naya
           Philosophical standpoint
Guide; Viewpoint; Areas of knowledge covering one aspect. There are two broad nayas in Jainism - Dravyaarthik and Paryaayaarthik, other nayas are encompassed within these two

Neti-neti
           "This is not that, This is not that"; Negating all names and forms in order to arrive at the eternal underlying truth

Nekee
           Honesty

Niddidhyasan
           Deep concentration to become 'One";. To be ‘Self’ absorbed

Nigam
           Relative knowledge of world

Nigod
           Body containing countless jeeva or lives
A class of infitesimal, imperceptible dormant beings awaking from apathy and starting spiritual evolution, to replace the liberated being.
The lowest form of life

Nihsankita
           Freedom from doubt

Nikaachit
           Unalterable on account of process of nikaachan (?)

Nikaachit-karma
           Karma which cannot be lightened or burned by tapas (eg. sankraman, udeerna, utkarshan, apkarshan etc.), this karma arises invariably at its appointed time

Nikshep
           The different ways of putting a thing ; Linguistic analysis

Nimit
           Instrument; Supporting cause

Niraagi
           Unattached

Niranjan
           Free of fault and karma

Nirgranth
           One who has overcome desires and attractions; The unbound

Nirgun
           Without attributes

Nirjaraa
           Slow dissolution or separation of karma from atma
Annihilatin of Karmas, ‘Discharge’
Purging of Karmas, ‘Discharge’
Dissociation of karmas

Nirlep
       Without any coverings or tendency to adhere to any Karmas

Nirmal
       Pure

Nirvaana
           Liberation of atma; moksha;  Fully enlightment. No further births. Emancipation
Release from bondage; The final death of an enlightened human being [arhat] followed immediately by moksha

Nirvaan-bhumi
           The place at which a Tirthankara attained nirvana

Nirveda
          To be detached from worldliness or samsaar

Nirvikaari
           Pure; immutable

Nirvikalp
           Freedom  from I-ness or My-ness;. Without any  vikalp. In Dadashri's Language , "I am the body" idea,  "I am Chandulal " is vikalp." I am Shuddhatma " , is nirvikalp. See sankalp.
To behold the formless; Still mental state; Release from imaginations
State of total realization

Nirvikalp samaadhi
           The highest realisation where only the undisturbed bliss of God (Aatma) is experienced
Experience of Atma all the time while doing all the duties of life.
Being free from "I-ness" and "My-ness"

Nischaya
           Determination; Here, ‘The Real’, Pure Alertness on the Path to Liberation
Consideration

Nischetan-chetan
           Inert conciousness

Nishkaama
           Without passion
Desirelessness

Nishpruha
 

Nishthaapurvak
       With a firm determination

Nitya
           Eternal

Niyam
           Ethical rules
Activity in accordance with resolve, or rule

Niyati
           Spatial limitation; Rule; Fate;

Nokarma
           Neutral karmas; Non-charging karmas.
 
 
 

 

O

Om
           The Sacred syllable, representing ‘Panch Parmeshti’
Atma;. The Self;  Most sacred word. It is a symbol of both the personal God, Ishwara  and the Absolute . Sign as  ?
The sacred syllable representing ‘Panch Parmeshti’(Five Supreme Souls in or almost in perfect self-realisation: Arihant, Siddha, Acharya, Upadhyay and Sadhu). The external sound of the Real

Oopsarg
       see Upsarga

P
 

Paap
          Harmful karma ; Unwholesome karmas
           Demerit; Sin; Malfiecence or evil deed
Bad consequences of bad acts. See punya . In Dadashri's language, any suffering caused to others  is paap and any relief offered to others is poonya

Paapanubandhi paap
           Bad deeds which lead to even more bad deeds

Paapanubandhi punya
           Good deeds which lead to bad deeds

Paarshvanaath
          The 23rd Tirthankar

Paatrataa
           Spiritual readiness

Padaartha
           Substance

Padmaasan
           A kind of posture ( asana of sitting cross-legged)

Padukaa
           Footwear

Panch parmeshti
           Five great Soul categories in or almost in Perfect Self-Realisation viz. Arihant, Sidha, Acharya, Upadhyay and Sadhu.

Panchbhutas
           Earth, water, fire,wind and space-five evolutes of maya

Panchendriya
           Five-sensed (touch,taste,smell,sight and hearing)

Pantha
           Path; Congregation; Following

Papsthanak

Para
           Other; Supreme; Ultimate

Paraakram
           Real, human endeavour

Para-dravya
           The being, location, time, or state, respectively, of other objects

Param
           Supreme; Absolute

Paramhansa
         Highest state of ascetic renunciation

Param Jyoti
           Impersonal effulgence emanating from ‘Pure Self’; God

Param sataa
           Ultimate truth; Atma; Ultimate Knowledge

Param satsang
           Meeting with atmas in a much higher state than one’s own

Param vinaya
            Perfect Humility; Egoless state

Paramaanandi
           The One whose bliss is eternal

Paramaarth
           Ultimate perception; Absolute perception

Paramaarth samkit
           Enkindling or awakening of the Self by the grace of  a Gyani Purush

Paramaatma
           The highest state of the Soul

Paramdhaam
           Highest, most auspicious location; Extremely bright; heavenly

Parampad
           Moksha

Parninda
           Speaking ill of others

Parbhaav
          The emotion emanating from pardharma

Pardharma
          Foreign religion; In the context of the atma, the dharmas of the material world are pardharma

Pardravya
       That which is separate from the Self

Parigraha
           Attachment to material objects; Acquisitive and accumulative behavior; Greed ; Possessiveness;  Possession

Parinaam
           Transformation; Change(as function of time); result

Parinamin
       Changing

Pariniti

Parishah
          Internally induced suffering;   Afflictions ; Suffering or trouble. There are 22 different kinds of suffering according to the Jain scriptures. See Oopsarg

Parivartan
           Change : Dravya parivartan = change of material clusterts
                         Bhav parivartan = change of realms of birth
                         Kshetra parivartan = change of space units
                         Bhaav parivartan = change of state of the soul
                         Kaala parivartan = change of time units

Parmaanand
           Eternal bliss;  Supreme bliss

Parmaanu
          Atom; Smallest particle of matter; Subatomic particle
Extra-fine (Sushma-Sushma); Elementary; Self-existing particle of matter; Smaller than even an atom.

Parmaartha
           Absolute reality; The highest viewpoint, which includes all points

Parmaarthika
           Transcendental; That which benefits all

Parmaatma
           Transcendental self
It is human soul; which on complete purification from matter attains to the level of divine perfection
The Supreme Self; The Fully realized Self

Parmaatmadasha
           The state of the Fully Enlightened One

Paroksha
           Indirect
Indirect perception, accomplished through the senses, inference, etc.

Paroksha gnan
           Mediate knowledge; Indirect knowledge

Par-samay
       Absorption in the Non-Self substances or circumstances

Parsatta
           Under the domain of the non-Self.
Prevalence and power of the Non-self.
Domain of the Non-Self

Partantra
           Dependent

Parvashtaa
           The state of being dependant on external situations or circumstances

Paryaaya
           Modes or states;  Phases
Mutation or modifications
Changing state of things
 A ten-day holy period for fasting during the rainy season

Paryant
           Till

Paudgalika
           Material

Pita
           Yellow

Pitaamber
           Yellow silken garment

Praayaschitta
           Repentence of transgressions
Expiation – internal austerity

Prabada
       associated with super strength or energy

Prabhu
           Manifested form; Another name for God

Pragat
           Menifest; present

Pragnaa
           Wisdom; Reasoning ;intelligence;  Enlightened, pure intellect.
(Also Prajna) Consciousness; Awareness; The force that facilitates a fuller realization of the Self
.
Prakaash
           Light…..here the light of Knowledge

Prakruti
           (also Prakriti); Original nature of mind and matter in the Samkhya doctrine; Types of karma
Nature; Principle of matter
Primordial nature; The material substratum . Everything  except the Self .Causal matter ; also called Shakti . See  Purush

Pralaya
          Period of rest; End; Destroy; Destruction
Demanifestation; Complete merging ; Dissolution

Pramaada
           Negligence; Apathy
Disrespect towards dharma, laziness and passions are aspects of pramaad
Unmindfulness; Spiritual inertia; Carelessness
Non-activisim; Quiescence

Pramaan
          True knowledge; That which understands something from all aspects

Prarabdha
           In course of fruition; fructifying (karma); Destiny…..see Fargiat
All activities of thoughts, speech and action in this life falls under prarabdha

Praschyataap
           Sincere regrets; .Reversal of aggression created through thoughts, speech or action

Prashasta Moha
           Affinity worth-adoring; A welcome spell of fascination

Pratibandh
           To be stopped by attraction to extraneous objects; Hindrance

Pratigna
       Vow

Pratikraman
           Apology for the transgression of normality; Begging pardon of the one embittered or aggrieved; Apology coupled with the remorse of any wrong doing; to propitiate the embittered soul.
Reversal of aggresssion created through thoughts, speech or action.Apology coupled with the remorse of any wrong doing, to propitiate the embittered soul
To repent for sins committed
Ritualized confession

[ Two kinds, Dhravya pratikraman and Bhaav pratikraman]

Pratishthaa
           Ceremonious installation of an idol; To instill something more into.....
Fixing

Pratishthit Atma
           Relative or charged self, established in and endowed for the present round of life

Pratiti
           Conviction

Prativasudeva
           Rivals of the Lords

Pratyaakhyaan
           Decision not to do again
Giving up of material objects; detachment
Sincere pledge of never slipping into the error or misdeed, once committed;  Determination of the self.Renunciation of certain foods; one of the six aavasyakas; Avowal not to repeat .See  Pratikraman Vidhi

Pratyaksha
           Visible before the eyes
Direct; immediate
Direct perception; Innate knowledge,see also immediate knowledge; One with whom direct communication is possible. Present

Pratyaksh gnan
           Direct knowledge

Pratyeka
           Individual; solitary

Pravrtti
           Volitional activity; merits and demerits born of volitional activity; Practice

Prayog
           Effort…..see Gnan prayog

Prem
           Divine love ., unconditional , unchanging ( Of the Self , For the Self ).

Prerna
           Inspire

Preta
           Devils

Prithvkaayik
           Earth-bodied

Pudgal
          Inanimate objects that have the properties of form, essence, touch and smell;  Cosmo-flux of Non-Self matter;  That which undergoes modifications by associations and dissociations. [Puran (filling) plus Galan (emptying) = Pudgal]; Integrating and disintegrating of the Non-Self matter]; Matter; The physical body; Cosmic flux for the sole function of  puran- intake and galan - output

Pujaa
           Act of worship or adoration; Ritual and prayer offered at home or temple
Worship; Offering flowres, applying sandal-wood paste etc.,

Pujaari
           One who officiates worship to God in a temple

Pujya
           Worthy of worship

Punarjanam
           Rebirth; previous births

Pundit
           A man well-versed in scriptures

Punya
           Virtuous
Merit accumulated from good acts. See paap. Which represents the opposite; Virtuous (karma); Good, meritorious deed

Punyaanubandhi paap
           Bad deeds which lead to good deeds

Punyaanubandhi punya
           Good deeds which lead to more and greater good deeds

Puran
           Intake; Charge; Causes .See  galan and pudgal; see ‘Pudgal’
Fusion; Combination; Filling in

Purangalan
       Influx and release of atoms; Intake and output

Purna
           Perfect
Full ; Complete; Infinite

Purnatva
           The state of being complete, full.

Purush
           The term is variously used to mean Pure Soul
Absolute  Self;  Immutable
Also Purusa . The Self which abides in all living beings; Self-Realised Soul

Purushaarth
           Freewill endeavour for Liberation, after initial Self-realization….see Marjeeyat Endeavour for Liberation, after Self-Realisation
Pure-Self-Oriented efforts

Purva
           Previous; Past; Earlier literature

A group of fourteen Jain canonical text, now extinct

R

Raag
           Also Rag . Attachment; Liking;  A situation arising out of ignorance of the Self.;  See dwesh
Desire; Passion; Attachment; Infatuation

Raag-Dwesh
           Attachment & Abhorrence or Aversion

Raajeepo
          Joy; Happiness

Raatri-bhojana
           Eating at night

Rachnaa
           Creation

Rajchandra, Shrimad
           Fully realised soul; A great poet, mystic, Shatavadhani, ‘Kripalu Dev’.  He emphasised the indispensibililty of a Gyani for Self-Realisation; enlightened Mahatma Gandhiji on many religious matters

Ram
           Incarnation of the Lord; A model for the Real amidst the Relatives; Son of King Dashrath; married to Sita, conquered Ravan of Lanka; An ideal Ruler; received the knowledge of the self from sage Vashistha.

Ratnatraya
           The three jewel: right faith or insight, right knowledge, right conduct

Raudra
           Oppressive; Tyrannical; Inflicting pain on others; Scary; Horrifying

Raudradhyaana
           Evil meditation of four types - hinsanand, mrushaanand, choryanand and vishayasanrakshaanand which sees pleasure in violence, untruth, theft and greed respectively; this leads to hell
Meditation on the perverse pleasure of causing injury to others;  wrathful meditation

[Dada explains: Even a thought of depriving someone of happiness (even if it is not actually carried out) is raudradhyaana]

Riddhis
           Supernatural powers

Rishabhdev
          The first Tirthankar - great teacher Also known as Aadinaath or Aadam

Rishi
           Sages one with great spiritual powers; Srimad describes Rishi as of four types - Raj, Brahma, Dev and Param - Raj has great worldly powers, Brahma even greater, Dev is godly and Param is one with Kevala Gyana or perfect knowledge,  fully liberated

Roonaanubandha
           Inter-action or mutual pull causal upon the subtle bond of the deeds of pre-births
Interaction due to the subtle bond of past deeds

Roopee
       Formed; Substance that has appearance, color, smell and touch

Ruchi
           Predilection
Rupa

  Material form; Body; Form

Rupak
           That which comes into a concrete existence
 

S
 
 

Saadhaka
           Spiritual aspirant

Saadhana
           Spiritual practice; discipline for Spiritual progress

Saadhu
           One who perseveres to attain the state of the Self; Monk
A Sage, A Monk devoted to the Self-Realisation.  Saadhu (male); Saadhvi (female). Mendicants
 One who has known the Self and continues to do so.

Saakar
           Having form; personal

Saakshaatkaara
           State of realization

Saamaayik
           Aperiod of two ghadis (24 minutes each) to stay in a calm, meditative state with samtaa bhaav
Maintaining equanimity for a set period of time; Initiatory admission
A Jain ritual of Purificatory worship of 48 minutes, thrice a day
Attaining equanimity; fusion with the true Self.
Taking a vow to devote so much time everyday, once, twice or three times, at sunrise, sunset, and noon for contemplation of the self for spiritual advancement
Desisting from harmful activities

Saanidhya
           To be together; Very close to

Saata vedniya
           Karma which brings worldly joys to the soul

Sachchidanand
           Truth, conciousness and bliss
Bliss of the Alert Pure Self; also separated in three words : Sat-Chit-Anand (Eternal-Awareness-Bliss)

Sadeh
           With body

Sadguno
           Virtues

Sadguru
           Senior ascetic
The highest master' usually the one who liberates

Sahaj
           Natural

Sahajanandi
           Joyful by nature; The bliss which is effortless

Sahajta
       Associated with the natural

Sajeevan
       Living; The Awakened One

Sajeevan moorti
           Great soul in human  form

Salaakaa
           Token

Samaadhi
           One-ness with the Pureself; Undisturbed by any external non-self reaction

Samaadhi maran
           Death in peace and with awareness; Blissful death
Death while in meditation of the Self

Samaarambha
          The process of agreement of internal evidences like buddhi, intellect
Implementing the idea into action
Preparation for a thing, i.e. collecting materials for it.
[ Also see  Samrambha and Aarambha ]

Samarpan
           Total surrender ., offering.

Samasta
       Entire

Samata
           Absolute sameness

Samaya
           Time-point
Smallest division of Time Moment

Sambhaave Nikaal
           To settle with equanimity
Fourth of the five Divine Dictates of Dada Bhagvan, asking the  Mahatma to deal with any circumstances and situations, favourable or otherwise, with a mind calm and composed, free of any hindrance or conflicts

Samdrashti
           Neutral viewpoint; Even attitude towards friend or foe, joy or sorrow, respect or criticism;

Samiti
          To commence any activity with due attention to not violating any creature

Samkit
           Blessed state of the Self-realisation and Equanimity. Synonymous with Samyak or Samyaktva; True path; Samyak darshan
Three vows or goals : 1)Upshama samkit- dedicated' faultless' doubtless following the guru or the enlightened one (2) Kshaayik samkit-initial exoerience of the ultimate Truth after destroying all passions' and (3) Kshaayopashmik samkit-union with True knowledge, continuous and consistent realization of the same

Samkitdhaari
           The one who has attained right view-vision-belief

Sampurna
           Complete; full

Samrambha
       The origin of an idea
[ Also see  Aarambha and Samaarambha ]

Samsaar
           (also Sansaar) Cycle of transmigration
Cycle of birth and death
The worldly life;  Mundane affairs; Perpetuation of worldly life; Mundane affairs; ‘I-My’-sense.

Samskaara
           Predisposition; Trace
Coefficients of conciousness
To close the doors to incoming karma inhibition
Blocking the influx(flow) of karmic matter into the nature of soul
Spiritual path; the stoppage of karmic influx
The stoppage of inflow of karmic matter into the soul
Stoppage of karmic inflow

Samvara
       Blocking the influx (flow) of karmic matter into the nature of soul
Inhibition

Samvatsari
           Annual holy day when Jains pray repentance for all sins through the year

Samveg
           The bhaav of detachment
Fear of worldly existence,see also dread of worldly existence

Samyak
           Authentic; The Right and Real

Samyak chaaritra
           Enlightened conduct;  Proper conduct
Right conduct

Samyak darshan
           Enlightened world-view; Near perfect enlightened world view
Right vision
Right faith Right attitiude; Predilection for truth; Enlightnment; Spiritual vision
Correct view of reality; True spiritual insight; Faith in the teachings

Samyak drsti
           A Self with discriminative knowledge
Right vision
The fourth gunasthaana, in which one attains samyak-darsana

Samyak gnan
           Enlightened knowledge
Right knowledge Right cognition
Correct knowledge; Knowledge associated with samyak-darsana

Samyaktva
           Authenticity Near perfect enlightened world view.
Equipoise; Equanimity; A Detached but Alert State of Mind

Sanaatan
           Permanent; From time immemorial; Eternal

Sanchita
           Stored

Sangha
           Community
The Saint’s brotherhoods

Sangi kriya
       Interactive activity with another living being e.g sexual relations

Sangmeshwar Bhagwaan
           The highest manifestatin of Godself, One in All and All in one-where all the deities and divinities mingle in one Single Incarnation; The one who accepted by all religions

Sankalan
           Synthetic judgement

Sankalp
           "This is mine ". See  vikalp and nirvikalp. My-ness

Sankhyaa
           Number

Sannyaas
          The liberation from "I am this body" idea and identity according to Dada
Event;
Renunciation of the world and its attachments; The fourth and last stage of life
 

Sansaar
           The worldly life where the soul wanders; Surrounding worlds

Sansaari
           The one who lives and dies relating to worldly affairs

Sansaran maarg
           Path of Spiritual Evolution, starting from the entry of a Jiva (sentient being) in Vyavahar (interactive life state) raashi from Nigod (dormant state of Apathy), ending with Liberation
 

Sanskaar
           Also Samskaras . Innate tendencies
.
Sansthapit
       Firmly established

Sanyog
            Circumstance; Assimilation of evidences. Also  sanjog. See viyog

Sapaksa
           Homologous instance

Saral
           Simple

Sargan
           Charge

Sarira
           Body

Sarvadarshi
           All intuiting; One with complete vision

Sarvagna
           All Knowing. The Gnani Purush……see Sarvadarsi
An omniscient being; a synonym for kevalin

Sarvotkrushta
           Maximal from all aspects; Most excellent

Sastra
           (also Shastra) Scripture
The teachings of a Vitaraagi (liberated from passions)

Sat
           Existence; Being; Absolute. Self . Above Satya and Asatya

Sat Purush
           Self-realised; Absolute Soul
.
Satchitanand
           Truth,conciousness and bliss
The three characteristics of Brahman( The Self): being, conciousness and bliss

Satsang
           The company of the Self
That brings forth and brings interest in the truth; Meeting of people seeking the truth
Meeting for Religious Discourse and Enlilghtenment
The company of those who have had vision of  Sat

Satta
           Existence; Domain.

Satya
           Truth;  The principle of balance  or  righteousness

Sat-Yug
           The first of the Four Ages, characterised by virtue, wisdom, happiness and morality, according the Hindu Mythology

Shaashan Dev-Devis
           Guardian spirits
Reigning and Protecting Gods and Goddesses
 

Shabdaarth
           Literal meaning of a word. See  bhaavarth and paramaarth.

Shakti
           Power; Energy

Shaktivant
       Filled with energy

Shalaka Purush
           Literally most worthy and adorable person; They are 63 Shalaka Purush in each ‘score and four’.  They are 24 Tirthankars, 12 Sovereign Kings, 9 Vasudevas, 9 Baldev and 9 Prativasudev.

The 24 Tirthankars  + 12 Chakravartis + 9 Vasudevas + 9 Prativasudevas + 9 Balbhadras are the 63 great personages

Shankar
           Lord Shiva; Dynamic, Auspicious Energy; Annihilator of the Illusory world

Shankit
           Doubtful

Shanti
           Peace

Shastrakaaros
           Those who rely on and preach through scriptures

Shataavedaniya
       Pleasure, feeling that which brings pleasure; Expense of pleasure
           An epithet or respect for a merchant or a rich person.

Shibir
           Camp; Here, Get-together of the Seekers for the spiritual enlightenment

Shishya
           Disciple

Shiva; Shiv
           The Self

Shraavak
           One who listens to the knowledgeable one; Devout follower
A Jain house-holder; Etymologically it means one who listens, unbiased;  One who has faith (Shra), Humility (Va), Pure Pursuit (Ka); Shravak (male) Shravaki (female).
 A Layman; a synonym for upasaka and sramanopasaka

Shraddha
           Faith

Shraman
          Sadhu; Muni; Monk

Shree
           An attribute, showing reverence and beatitude

Shreni
          The long path or steps towards liberation; Steps that overcome the 21 animal instincts

Shrenik
           King of Magadh who was a great follower of Lord Mahavir and lived in the same period

Shri Simandhar Swami
           Tirthankar Bhagavan traversing at present Mahavideh Kshetra; Current Arihant

Shruta
           Scriptural cognition

Shruta gnan
           A form of knowledge acquired by reading scriptures,knowledge based on the ability to intrpret signs, words, writing, gestures, etc.
Knowledge from memory; literate knowledge
Scriptural or verbal knowledge; Articulate knowledge; Knowledge derived from instruction and reasoning

Shruti
           Revelation

Shubh
           Beneficial; Auspicious; Punya
Shubh upyog
           Emotion or bhava free of passions; Worship of Vitaraagi (one free from passions); Charity, compassion, self-control etc. are shubha or auspicious

Shuddha
           The perfectly pure

Shuddha parinati
         State (existence) of pure, passionless modification manifested in the abscence of 'Charitra moha' karma

Shuddha upyog
           Activities of the atma that are free of love or hate; The state of Equanimity
Untinged with any kind of passion and engaged in experiencing the bliss of the Self

Shuddhatma
           Pure Self

Shuddhi
           Purification; Purity

Shuddhi karan
       The process of internal purification

Shukla dhyaan
           Constant awareness that " I am Shuddhatma"
The state of natural meditation of the Self
The relative meanings are: Meditation by pure motives; White(pure) meditation
Dadashri defines Shukla Dhyaan as the state of the Soul wherein there is natural observation of all that comes in front of the Self; The Knower-Seer state

Shushka gnan
       That knowledge which does not produce any Spiritual results

Shushka gnani
           One who cannot discriminate, superficial knowledge limited only to expression

Siddha
           Atma that is free from all 8 major karmas; liberated
A liberated soul; a kevalin freed from all activities whatsoever
Liberated soul
The Realized Soul

Siddha dasha
       Culmination of Spiritual accomplishment

Siddha-gati
           The destiny of the Siddha

Siddha-loka
           The permanent abode of the Siddha; a synonym for isat-pragbhara-bhumi

Siddhanta
           Doctrine

Siddhi
           Yogic power miraculous powers attained by yoga. There are 8 such - Animaa, Mahimaa, Garimaa, Laghimaa, Praapti, Praakamya, Ishitva, Vashitva;  Consummation of knowledge Supernatural powers
 

Smarana
           Recollection

Smrti
           Recollection
Past experiences of many previous lives
Creative instinctive incipient memory
Memory  (Smriti….sanskrit

Sohum
           The affirmation 'I am He ' or ‘I am That’.

Soocharan
           The feet of the Gnani . This is the only place where ego is dissolved. There is no other way or place to dissolve the ego. Holy feet…. The place that represents surrender

Sookshma
           Subtle
Fine (body) uncuttable and all pervasive

Sookshmatam
           Subtler

Sookshmatar
           Subtlest

Sparsha
           Touch; Contact

Spashta
           Obvious

Sramana
           A non-vedic mendicant, usually a Jaina or a Buddhist

Sthaavar
           Immobile beings, such as plants immobile, with bodies having one sense

Sthanakvasi
           Dwellers in halls; Name of a Jaina sect whose members do not worship in temples

Sthira
           Steady (circulation of blood, bile, etc)

Sthitapragna
           Perfect balance of mind
The Sage of steady wisdom

Sthula
           Gross or apparent; Readily apparent; Physical

Sunya
           Devoid of intrinsic reality

Sunyata
           Negation of duality

Sutra
           Aphoristic mode of presentation; The canonical scriptures

Sva
           Self

Svaadhyaaya
           Study-internal austerity; Study of the Self

Svaartha
           For self; Selfishness
Exploit of the Real self

Svanubhav
           Experiencing one’s own atma

Svabhaav
           Character; disposition
Own nature
The state that distinguishes the Soul

Svachhanda
          To act by own wishes out of arrogance

Svadharma
           One’s duty; Atma’s duty
Ethical rules applying to oneself

Svadravya
           One’s atma which has endless properties or gunas and forms

Sva-Par
       Self-Non Self

Sva-paraakram
           Pure-Self oriented exploit

Sva-purushaartha
          Effort related to Self only

Svarup
           Form
Real form or Real nature; The Self.

Sva-samaya
           Shuddhatma; Seeing oneself
Incessant identification with the Pureself
The time of the Self

Svasatta
           The realm of the Self ; Own regime; Own kingdom

Svatantra
           Independent; Free
           The state of freedom

Sva upyog
           Activities of the atma

Svetaambara
           White (cotton) clad; name of Jaina sect whose mendicants wear white garments

Swarg
           Heaven

Swaroop
           Real form or Real nature; The Self

Swaroop Sanyog
           The event of being absorbed in the Self

Syaadvaad
           Vision of Relative Pluralism; The doctrine of qualified assertion philosophy of seven standpoints of  the Jains; Relativity
 

T
 

Tadaakar
           Absorbed; Concentrating; of the same form

Tadaatmaya
           Oneness; Concentration

Tadroop
           Absorbed in a substance

Taijasa
           Luminous; Electric body; Electric of mundane souls which always accompanies them

Taijasa-sarira
           Heat body

Tama
           Darkness

Tamas
           Inertia or sluggishness. One of the three gunas, satva, rajas, tamas. The Self is above these gunas
The principle of inertia in the Samkhya doctrine

Tan
           Body

Tankotkirnavat
       Immiscible

Tanmayakar
           The state of being absorbed in body, mind or speech

Tapa
           Austerity; Penance. One of the four pillars of the state of the partially Realized.  Gnan, Darshan and Charitra are the other three; Repentance; Remorse
Control of the senses; Control of desires
Purification actions

Tapasyaa
           Austerities for attaining liberation

Tattva
           Element ; Essence ; Principle
Essence; central meaning

[ there six eternal tattvas:                                             ]
Tattva buddhi
           Real buddhi; Samyak buddhi

Tattva gnan
          Knowledge of the essence; Knowledge of the truth

Tattvaartha
           Category of Truth

Teevra gnaandasha
           State of knowledge greatly focused on the Atma

Teevra mumukshata
        Accentuated and constant desire to achieve moksh and to be free of worldly attachments

Tejokaayaa
           Fire bodies

Tirobhaava
           To be covered

Tirtha
           Ford;  Ford founders rule
(i) Place of Pilgrimage  (ii) Association of Aspirants. (ii) dharma;  Place of piligrimage; Place of liberation; Congregation of sadhus and shravaks the path of Jaina practice; The monastic order

Tirthankar
           Preacher of true dharma; Founder of a teertha; One who with kevala gyaan; The Omni-Science Manifest; The Absolute; The Arihant;  Builders of the ford; The omniscient spiritual teachers of the Jainas Founder of religion (ford-founder).

Tiryancha
       Subhuman beings
Animal and plant life

Trailokya
           Three worlds

Trasa
          The two, three, four and five sensed beings are known as tras
Mobile beings

Trividh taap
           Threefold suffering namely of Adhi, Vyadhi and Upadhi

Tyaga
           Renunciation through the medium of the ego; Renunciatin or abnegatin, in Absence of the Self-realisation; Non-attainment of the Pure Self
 

U

Udaseen
         Indifferent

Udaseenta
           Apathy; mental indolence
Equanimity; Peace; Detachment

Udaya
           Coming into effect;  Arising;   rise (eg. of karma , or the sun etc.)

Udaykaram
           Maturity of fruition of past deeds

Udirana
           Energy that makes possible the premature fruition of karmas
Process of premature realisation
The rise of karma before their time, because of penance

Udvega
           Anxiety

Ukel
           Solution

Upaadaan
           Clinging; Spiritual readiness

Upaadhi
           Limitation  imposed upon the Self through ignorance. In the relative world the problems and suffering created by external circumstances.See aadhi and vyaadhi;  Afflication from some Supernatural, external world;  Adventitious misery; Worldly entanglements

Upaadhyaya
           Preceptor; Teacher of monks (sadhus)

Upkaari
           The benevolent; The one who is beneficial

Upri
           Boss; Controller

Upsarga
       Externally induced suffering

Upshama
           Energy that temporarily prevents karmas from coming to fruition
Suppression; Subsidence

Upsham samkit
           Partially realized….partially controlled passions (see….Kshayak samkit)
Dedicated; Faultless; Doubtless following the guru or the enlightened one

Upshambhaav
          Relaxation and peace experienced when karma declines

Upshamshreni
           The stepwise path of relaxing from 21 kinds of natural instincts or karma

Upvaas
           Fasting

Upyoga
           Applied consciousness;  Sentience; Sentient application;  Active and alert attentiveness of the Real Self
Active (part) of conciousness
Controlled usage of material objects during a recess from spiritual exertions

Urdhva gami
       That which is proceeding towards higher level of existence

Urdhva gati
          To rise to higher level of birth eg. from human to heavenly bodies

Urdhva loka
           The higher plane of existence
The celestial world world of liberated souls; Moksha

Utkrushta
           Maximum or excellent

Utsarpini
          Ascending cycle(of six aeons)
Ascending round;  Progressive half-cycle

Utsarpinikala

           The ascending six Eras when lifespans, strength and prosperity of all living creatures increase

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

V
 
 

Vaachan
           Scriptural  reading by the Guru

Vaasana
           Subtle desire; Mental tendencies.

Vaasudeva
           See Krishna

Vaatsalya
           Disinterested affection

Vaayu-kaayik
           Air-bodied

Vairaag
           Non-attachment

Vairaagya
           Extinction or fading of all attachment,
A state of detachment;  Indifference towards all worldly things;  True renunciation.
Detachment from close bonds of home and family
Aversion leading to renunciation
The non-attachment to sense pleasures

Vaishnav
           A devotee of Lord Vishnu, or Krishna; Faith of such persons

Vakragati
          Oblique or downward movement (of the Self).

Vanaspati
           Plants, vegetables

Vanaspati-kaayik
           Vegetable-bodied soul

Vaayu-kaayika
           Air bodies
 

Vanchanaa buddhi
          False knowledge; Self-cheating intelligence

Vanchit
       To remain in obscurity and delusion

Vandanaa
           Reverent salutation

Varganaa
          Classes of material clusters
Collection of vargas - vargas are themselves collection of karmic particles

Vartan
           Becoming ‘Being’ or ‘Living’ with the inner conviction of the Real

Vartmaan
           Now. Current. See bhoot and bhavishya

Vash
           Under control

Vastu
           Real matter

Vastutva
           Capacity by which a substance has a function

Vayu
           Air

Veda
          Sexual disposition e.g Purushved…desire for male
There are two kinds: bhavaveda (desire to enjoy due to rise of passions) and dravyaveda (the sense of being individual) which are of three types: Striveda, Purusaveda and Napusankaveda
Sex-consiousness
Sexual feeling

Vedaka
        Felt as such(enlightened world view)

Vedanaa
           Feeling

Vedaniya
           Feeling producing

Vedaniya karma
           Feeling-producing karma
That which results in individual pain or pleasures, and accordingly known as (i)  Ashata vedaniya (ii) Shata vedaniya
Sensation-producing karma,also sensation karma.
 Karma responsible for mundane experience of pain and pleasure karma causing physical pain

Vibhaav
           Contrary disposition
The state of the non-self toward emotions; love, hate etc.; Defiled; Impure
A distinct and different property; Transformation of a thing

Vibhavik guna
           Attribute of non-self

Vicara
           Movement

Vichaar
           Oscillation of the mind between the substance and the mode
Thoughts
Shifting attention from one mode to another

Vichaarana
           Thought

Vichaar dasha
           State dominated with thoughts such as “ the world is pre-occupied with its own workings, is fearful and full of dukkha and that love and hate continue in cycles…”; being absorbed in thoughts

Videha
           Not with body .......see Sadeha
To be in a state where despite having a body, one remains unaffected

Videhee dasha
           State of  behaving as a body-less atma in spite of having a body; such were Srimad Rajchandra, A.M.Patel (Dadashri) and Janaka

Vidhi
       Auspicious ceremony; That which is worth doing

Vignaan
           Science of Absolutism of Dada; Exceptional intellectual and creative power(Jainism)
Exceptional intellectual and creative power

Vikalp
           I-sense; Ego-centric approach.
Ego-centric approach, “I am Chandulal” is vikalp
Contrary thought

Vikaar
           Carnal desire, passion, oscillation of the mind between the substance and the mode

Vikrti
           Defiled modification

Vikshep
           Interruption; Difficulties

Vimaasna
           Repentance

Vimukti
          Here, an article dealing with the means for Liberation

Vinaya
           Humility; Reverence to the elders
Reverence – internal austerity;.  Veneration

Vipareet
           Contrary to ones nature
Non-real or Perverted ;  Contradictory.

Viparyaaya gnaan
           Deluded knowledge

Vipreet gnaana
           Knowledge through wrong belief

Viraadhana
           Opposite of Aaradhana. To descend spiritually by negating any living being; disrespect

Viraat
           Vast, pervading the universe
The aggregate consciousness of all the gross bodies of the universe; Macrocosm, the physical world.

Virati
           Abstention from harmful acts
Cessation; Pause; Break

Virodhaabhas
           Contradiction; Appearance of contradiction or paradox

Virya
           Energy; Semen

Visarjan
           Disintegration; Sacrifice

Vishay
           Sexual activity ; Subject;  Object of sense-pleasure;  Object of sense-pleasure;
‘subject’ as ‘Dada’ says; as it subjects one to liability or bondage

Vishay murchhaa
           To be absorbed in the experience of the five senses; sensuality

Vishayi
           One who engrosses oneself in and lustfully enjoys the subject

Vishesh bhaav
       To have or act with feeling towards that which is non-self
Sense of "I am Chandulal" (as oppose to "I am Shuddhatma" )

Vishesha guna
           Special attributes

Vishuddhi
           Purity; Purification

Vishva
           World

Vishvavandhya
          Worshipped by the world

Vismruti
           Oblivion; Non-interference of the world through detachment towards it.

Vitaraag
           Free from passion; An epithet for an arhat (?)
Vitaraag -Absolutely free from Attachments

Vitaraagata
           A state of Absolutism or Total Non-attachment
Desirelessness; Passionlessness
Vivek
           Discrimination between right and wrong, beneficial and non-beneficial, truth and untruth; Courtesy

Viyog
           Dissipation of event

Vrat
           Vow;  Restraint

Vritti
           also Vruti
Tendency; inclination
           Emanations from the mind; Tendency; Subcommentary

Vyaadhi
           Physical suffering, malady, disease.

Vyaapaka
           Determinant concomitant; Spreading

Vyabhichaar
           Contradiction

Vyabhichaarin
           One who contradicts

Vyasan
           Vice

Vyatirek
          Lack of effect indicating lack of cause;  Disagree

Vyavahaar
           Ordinary behavior; Custom
 Worldly affairs through thoughts, speech and action
Emperical

Vyavahaar dharma
           Moral obligations in day-to-day life; Relative religion for a happy life

Vyavahaarika
           Empirical; That which relates to the relative realm of thought, speech and action

Vyavahaar shuddhi
       Honest behaviour; Purity of motives - this leads to happiness in this life as well as the next

Vyavasthit
           Orderly, Exact. Scientific Circumstance
Scientific Circumstantial Evidence; Cosmic, Computerised Schedule; The Non-partial, Universal Executrix

Vyavasthit shakti
           Cosmic Computerised Energy; Non-Partial- Well ordered Cosmic Energy
A well organised, benevolent, impartial energy or power

Vyaya
           Cessation
 
 

X
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Y
 
 

Yaatra
           Pilgrimage

Yagya; Yagna
           Here a Spiritual movement

Yaksha Deva
           Demi-God

Yakshini Devi
           Dimi-Goddess

Yantra
           Mystical diagram

Yashnaam karma
          Karma which brings fame and credit to oneself

Yathaarth
           In reality

Yoga
           Movement in the regions of the atma;  Meeting of atma with moksha;  Attainment of the instruments of moksha; Meditation Activity of mind, speech, physique;   Mode through which Union with God or Pure Self is sought.
Union. Science of the union of the individual with God.
Action; activity. In Gnani’s Science all yoga, union involves action or activity e.g. Karma yoga….activity

Yojanaa
           A measure of distance equal to about eight or nine miles

Yoni
           Source; Place of creation
 
 

    We are in the constant process of updating this unique glossary.
    For any additional words or corrections please send an e-mailto:

     Dr. Bachu Amin
 
 

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 Last update:

May 29, 2000